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Question Detail
A flagstaff 17.5 metre high casts a shadow of length 40.25 metre. The height of building, which casts a shadow of length 28.75 metre under similar conditions will be :
 12 metre
 12.5 metre
 13.5 metre
 14 metre
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Less shadow, Less Height (Direct Proportion)
So, let height of building be x metre
then,
\begin{aligned}
40.25 : 17.5 :: 28.75 : x \\
=> x = \frac{17.5*28.75}{40.25} \\
=> x = 12.5
\end{aligned}
So height of building should be 12.5 metre
1. In a dairy farm, 40 cows eat 40 bags of husk in 40 days. In how many days one cow will eat one bag of husk ?
 34 days
 40 days
 46 days
 50 days
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Less Cows, More days (Indirect Proportion)
Less bags, Less days (Direct Proportion)
\begin{aligned}
\begin{bmatrix}Cows & 1 & 40 \\Bags & 40 & 1 \end{bmatrix} :: 40 : x \\
=> x * 40 * 1= 40 * 1 * 40 \\
=> x = 40
\end{aligned}
2. If 16 toys cost 240, then what do 40 toys cost ?
 Rs. 600
 Rs. 620
 Rs. 640
 Rs. 660
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Although we can first calculate the cost of one toy and then can multiply it with 40 to get the result.
but we will solve it with chain rule so that we can prepare ourself for other complex problems which we can solve easily by applying this rule.
Let the required cost be Rs. x
More toys means More Cost. (Direct Proportion)
\begin{aligned}
15:40 :: 240:x \\
=> x = \frac{240*40}{15} \\
=> x = 640
\end{aligned}
So 40 toys will cost Rs 640
3. In a camp, there is a meal for 120 men or 200 children. If 150 children have taken the meal, how many men will be catered to with the remaining meal ?
 38 men
 32 men
 34 men
 30 men
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
There is meal for 200 children. 150 children have taken the meal.
Remaining meal is to be catered to 50 children.
Now, 200 children = 120 men
So, 50 Children = 120/200 * 50 = 30 men
4. 36 men can complete a piece of work in 18 days. In how many days will 27 men complete the same work ?
 24 days
 28 days
 34 days
 35 days
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Less Men, means more Days {Indirect Proportion}
Let the number of days be x
then,
27 : 36 :: 18 : x
[Please pay attention, we have written 27 : 36 rather than 36 : 27, in indirect proportion, if you get it then chain rule is clear to you :)]
\begin{aligned}
x = \frac{36*18}{27} \\
x = 24
\end{aligned}
So 24 days will be required to get work done by 27 men.
5. In a hostel, Food was available for 2000 students for 54 days, but after 15 days more students joined hostel and food lasts only for 20 more days. Determine how many students came in hostel ?
 1650
 1700
 1900
 2100
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
As it is given that food is there for 54 days for 2000 students,
But after 15 days, remaining food was sufficient for 2000 students for 39 days only ( as 5415 = 39 )
Let x number of students came in hostel after 15 days,
=> Total number of students after 15 days = 2000 + x
=> Remaining food was enough for (2000 + x) students for 20 days
So here is indirect proportion, as more people and less food
=> 2000 : ( 2000 + x ) :: 20 : 39
=> 2000 * 39 = ( 2000 + x ) * 20
=> 3900 = 2000 + x
=> x = 3900  2000
=> x = 1900
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