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Question Detail
A flagstaff 17.5 metre high casts a shadow of length 40.25 metre. The height of building, which casts a shadow of length 28.75 metre under similar conditions will be :
 12 metre
 12.5 metre
 13.5 metre
 14 metre
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Less shadow, Less Height (Direct Proportion)
So, let height of building be x metre
then,
\begin{aligned}
40.25 : 17.5 :: 28.75 : x \\
=> x = \frac{17.5*28.75}{40.25} \\
=> x = 12.5
\end{aligned}
So height of building should be 12.5 metre
1. In a dairy farm, 40 cows eat 40 bags of husk in 40 days. In how many days one cow will eat one bag of husk ?
 34 days
 40 days
 46 days
 50 days
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Less Cows, More days (Indirect Proportion)
Less bags, Less days (Direct Proportion)
\begin{aligned}
\begin{bmatrix}Cows & 1 & 40 \\Bags & 40 & 1 \end{bmatrix} :: 40 : x \\
=> x * 40 * 1= 40 * 1 * 40 \\
=> x = 40
\end{aligned}
2. An industrial loom weaves 0.128 metres of cloth every second. Approximately, how many seconds will it take for the loom to weave 25 metre of cloth ?
 194 seconds
 195 seconds
 196 seconds
 197 seconds
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Let the time required by x seconds.
Then, More cloth means More time (Direct Proportion)
So,
\begin{aligned}
0.128 : 1 :: 25 : x
=> x = \frac{25*1}{0.128} \\
=> x = 195.31
\end{aligned}
So time will be approx 195 seconds
3. 10 men, working 6 hours a day can complete a work in 18 days. How many hours a day must 15 men work to complete the work in 12 days ?
 4 hours a day
 5 hours a day
 6 hours a day
 7 hours a day
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
More Men, Less Hours {Indirect Proportion}
Less Days, More Hours {Indirect Proportion}
\begin{aligned}
\begin{bmatrix}Men & 15 & 10 \\Days & 12 & 18 \end{bmatrix} :: 6 : x \\
=> x * 15 * 12 = 10 * 18 * 6 \\
=> x = \frac{10*18*6}{15*12} \\
=> x = 6
\end{aligned}
4. If a quarter kg of potato costs 60 paise, how many paise will 200gm cost ?
 45 paise
 46 paise
 47 paise
 48 paise
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Quarter of Kg means 250 gm
Less weight, less price (Direct Proportion)
So,
\begin{aligned}
250:200 :: 60:x \\
=> x = \frac{200*60}{250} \\
=> x = 48
\end{aligned}
So 200 gm will cost 48 paise.
5. If the cost of x metres of wire is d rupees, then what is the cost of y metres of wire at the same rate ?
 xd
 yd
 yd/x
 x/yd
Answer: Option C
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