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Question Detail
A flagstaff 17.5 metre high casts a shadow of length 40.25 metre. The height of building, which casts a shadow of length 28.75 metre under similar conditions will be :
 12 metre
 12.5 metre
 13.5 metre
 14 metre
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Less shadow, Less Height (Direct Proportion)
So, let height of building be x metre
then,
\begin{aligned}
40.25 : 17.5 :: 28.75 : x \\
=> x = \frac{17.5*28.75}{40.25} \\
=> x = 12.5
\end{aligned}
So height of building should be 12.5 metre
1. An industrial loom weaves 0.128 metres of cloth every second. Approximately, how many seconds will it take for the loom to weave 25 metre of cloth ?
 194 seconds
 195 seconds
 196 seconds
 197 seconds
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Let the time required by x seconds.
Then, More cloth means More time (Direct Proportion)
So,
\begin{aligned}
0.128 : 1 :: 25 : x
=> x = \frac{25*1}{0.128} \\
=> x = 195.31
\end{aligned}
So time will be approx 195 seconds
2. In a camp, there is a meal for 120 men or 200 children. If 150 children have taken the meal, how many men will be catered to with the remaining meal ?
 38 men
 32 men
 34 men
 30 men
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
There is meal for 200 children. 150 children have taken the meal.
Remaining meal is to be catered to 50 children.
Now, 200 children = 120 men
So, 50 Children = 120/200 * 50 = 30 men
3. 10 men, working 6 hours a day can complete a work in 18 days. How many hours a day must 15 men work to complete the work in 12 days ?
 4 hours a day
 5 hours a day
 6 hours a day
 7 hours a day
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
More Men, Less Hours {Indirect Proportion}
Less Days, More Hours {Indirect Proportion}
\begin{aligned}
\begin{bmatrix}Men & 15 & 10 \\Days & 12 & 18 \end{bmatrix} :: 6 : x \\
=> x * 15 * 12 = 10 * 18 * 6 \\
=> x = \frac{10*18*6}{15*12} \\
=> x = 6
\end{aligned}
4. If 16 toys cost 240, then what do 40 toys cost ?
 Rs. 600
 Rs. 620
 Rs. 640
 Rs. 660
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Although we can first calculate the cost of one toy and then can multiply it with 40 to get the result.
but we will solve it with chain rule so that we can prepare ourself for other complex problems which we can solve easily by applying this rule.
Let the required cost be Rs. x
More toys means More Cost. (Direct Proportion)
\begin{aligned}
15:40 :: 240:x \\
=> x = \frac{240*40}{15} \\
=> x = 640
\end{aligned}
So 40 toys will cost Rs 640
5. 36 men can complete a piece of work in 18 days. In how many days will 27 men complete the same work ?
 24 days
 28 days
 34 days
 35 days
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Less Men, means more Days {Indirect Proportion}
Let the number of days be x
then,
27 : 36 :: 18 : x
[Please pay attention, we have written 27 : 36 rather than 36 : 27, in indirect proportion, if you get it then chain rule is clear to you :)]
\begin{aligned}
x = \frac{36*18}{27} \\
x = 24
\end{aligned}
So 24 days will be required to get work done by 27 men.
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