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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. A triangle and a parallelogram are constructed on the same base such that their areas are equal. If the altitude of the parallelogram is 100 m , then the altitude of the triangle is.
 200 m
 150 m
 148 m
 140 m
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Let the triangle and parallelogram have common base b,
let the Altitude of triangle is h1 and of parallelogram is h2(which is equal to 100 m), then
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of triangle =}\frac{1}{2}*b*h1\\
\text{Area of rectangle =}b*h2\\
\text{As per question }\\
\frac{1}{2}*b*h1 = b*h2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*b*h1 = b*100 \\
h1 = 100*2 = 200 m \\
\end{aligned}
2. The area of a rectangle is 460 square metres. If the length is 15% more than the breadth, what is the breadth of the rectangular field ?
 18 meter
 20 meter
 22 meter
 25 meter
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Let breadth =x metres.
Then length =(115x/100)metres.
\begin{aligned}
=x*\frac{115x}{100}= 460\\
x^2=(460 x 100/115) \\
x^2=400 \\
x= 20 \\
\end{aligned}
3. The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
4. The ratio between the length and the breadth of a rectangular park is 3 : 2. If a man cycling along the boundary of the park at the speed of 12 km/hr completes one round in 8 minutes, then the area of the park (in sq. m) is:
 \begin{aligned} 152600 m^2\end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 153500 m^2\end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 153600 m^2\end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 153800 m^2\end{aligned}
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Question seems to be typical, but trust me it is too easy to solve, before solving this, lets analyse how we can solve this.
We are having speed and time so we can calculate the distance or perimeter in this question.
Then by applying the formula of perimeter of rectangle we can get value of length and breadth, So finally can get the area. Lets solve it:
Perimeter = Distance travelled in 8 minutes,
=> Perimeter = 12000/60 * 8 = 1600 meter. [because Distance = Speed * Time]
As per question length is 3x and width is 2x
We know perimeter of rectangle is 2(L+B)
So, 2(3x+2x) = 1600
=> x = 160
So Length = 160*3 = 480 meter
and Width = 160*2 = 320 meter
Finally, Area = length * breadth
= 480 * 320 = 153600
5. If the radius of a circle is diminished by 10%, then the area is diminished by:
 200%
 210%
 300%
 310%
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Let the original radius be R cm. New radius = 2R
\begin{aligned}
Area = \pi R^2 \\
\text{New Area =} \pi {2R}^2 \\
= 4\pi R^2 \\
\text{Increase in area =}(4\pi R^2  \pi R^2) \\
= 3\pi R^2 \\
\text{Increase percent =} \frac{3\pi R^2}{\pi R^2}*100 \\
= 300 \%
\end{aligned}
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