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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. The base of a triangle is 15 cm and height is 12 cm. The height of another triangle of double the area having the base 20 cm is :
 22 cm
 20 cm
 18 cm
 10 cm
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of triangle, A1 = }\frac{1}{2}*base*height \\
= \frac{1}{2}*15*12 = 90 cm^2 \\
\text{Area of second triangle =} 2*A1 \\
= 180 cm^2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*20*height = 180 \\
=> height = 18 cm
\end{aligned}
2. 50 square stone slabs of equal size were needed to cover a floor area of 72 sq.m. Find the length of each stone slab.
 110 cm
 116 cm
 118 cm
 120 cm
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Area of each slab =
\begin{aligned}
\frac{72}{50}m^2 = 1.44 m^2\\
\text{Length of each slab =}\sqrt{1.44} \\
= 1.2m = 120 cm
\end{aligned}
3. The perimeters of 5 squares are 24 cm, 32 cm, 40 cm, 76 cm and 80 cm respectively. The perimeter of another square equal in area to the sum of the area of these square is:
 124 cm
 120 cm
 64 cm
 56 cm
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Clearly first we need to find the areas of the given squares, for that we need its side.
Side of sqaure = Perimeter/4
So sides are,
\begin{aligned}
\left(\frac{24}{4}\right),\left(\frac{32}{4}\right),\left(\frac{40}{4}\right),\left(\frac{76}{4}\right),\left(\frac{80}{4}\right) \\
= 6,8,10,19,20 \\
\text{Area of new square will be }\\
= [6^2+8^2+10^2+19^2+20^2] \\
= 36+64+100+361+400 \\
= 961 cm^2 \\
\text{Side of new Sqaure =}\sqrt{961} \\
= 31 cm \\
\text{Required perimeter =}(4\times31) \\
= 124 cm
\end{aligned}
4. The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
5. If the area of a square with the side a is equal to the area of a triangle with base a, then the altitude of the triangle is.
 a
 a/2
 2a
 None of above
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{We know area of square =}a^2 \\
\text{Area of triangle =}\frac{1}{2}*a*h \\
=> \frac{1}{2}*a*h = a^2 \\
=> h = 2a
\end{aligned}
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