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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. The height of an equilateral triangle is 10 cm. find its area.
 \begin{aligned} \frac{120}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} \frac{110}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} \frac{100}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} \frac{90}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Let each side be a cm, then
\begin{aligned}
\left(\frac{a}{2}\right)^2+{10}^2 = a^2 \\
<=>\left(a^2\frac{a^2}{4}\right) = 100 \\
<=> \frac{3a^2}{4} = 100 \\
a^2 = \frac{400}{3} \\
Area = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}*a^2 \\
= \left(\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}*\frac{400}{3}\right)cm^2 \\
= \frac{100}{\sqrt{3}}cm^2
\end{aligned}
2. One side of rectangular field is 15 meter and one of its diagonals is 17 meter. Then find the area of the field.
 \begin{aligned} 120m^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 130m^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 140m^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 150m^2 \end{aligned}
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{We know }h^2 = b^2+h^2 \\
=>\text{Other side }= \sqrt{(17)^2(15)^2} \\
= \sqrt{289225} = \sqrt{64} \\
= 8 meter \\
Area = Length \times Breadth \\
= 15\times8 m^2 = 120 m^2
\end{aligned}
3. The wheel of a motorcycle, 70 cm in diameter makes 40 revolutions in every 10 seconds. What is the speed of the motorcycle in km/hr
 30.68 km/hr
 31.68 km/hr
 32.68 km/hr
 33.68 km/hr
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In this type of question, we will first calculate the distance covered in given time.
Distance covered will be, Number of revolutions * Circumference
So we will be having distance and time, from which we can calculate the speed. So let solve.
Radius of wheel = 70/2 = 35 cm
Distance covered in 40 revolutions will be
\begin{aligned}
\text{40 * Circumference } \\
= \text{40 * 2*\pi*r } \\
= 40 * 2* \frac{22}{7}* 35 \\
= 8800 cm \\
= \frac{8800}{100} m = 88 m\\
\text{Distance covered in 1 sec =}\\
\frac{88}{10} \\
= 8.8 m \\
Speed = 8.8 m/s \\
= 8.8*\frac{18}{5} = 31.68 km/hr
\end{aligned}
4. 50 square stone slabs of equal size were needed to cover a floor area of 72 sq.m. Find the length of each stone slab.
 110 cm
 116 cm
 118 cm
 120 cm
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Area of each slab =
\begin{aligned}
\frac{72}{50}m^2 = 1.44 m^2\\
\text{Length of each slab =}\sqrt{1.44} \\
= 1.2m = 120 cm
\end{aligned}
5. If the ratio of the areas of two squares is 225:256, then the ratio of their perimeters is :
 15:12
 15:14
 15:16
 15:22
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\frac{a^2}{b^2} = \frac{225}{256} \\
\frac{15}{16} \\
<=> \frac{4a}{4b} = \frac{4*15}{4*16} \\
= \frac{15}{16} = 15:16
\end{aligned}
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