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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. 50 square stone slabs of equal size were needed to cover a floor area of 72 sq.m. Find the length of each stone slab.
 110 cm
 116 cm
 118 cm
 120 cm
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Area of each slab =
\begin{aligned}
\frac{72}{50}m^2 = 1.44 m^2\\
\text{Length of each slab =}\sqrt{1.44} \\
= 1.2m = 120 cm
\end{aligned}
2. The wheel of a motorcycle, 70 cm in diameter makes 40 revolutions in every 10 seconds. What is the speed of the motorcycle in km/hr
 30.68 km/hr
 31.68 km/hr
 32.68 km/hr
 33.68 km/hr
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In this type of question, we will first calculate the distance covered in given time.
Distance covered will be, Number of revolutions * Circumference
So we will be having distance and time, from which we can calculate the speed. So let solve.
Radius of wheel = 70/2 = 35 cm
Distance covered in 40 revolutions will be
\begin{aligned}
\text{40 * Circumference } \\
= \text{40 * 2*\pi*r } \\
= 40 * 2* \frac{22}{7}* 35 \\
= 8800 cm \\
= \frac{8800}{100} m = 88 m\\
\text{Distance covered in 1 sec =}\\
\frac{88}{10} \\
= 8.8 m \\
Speed = 8.8 m/s \\
= 8.8*\frac{18}{5} = 31.68 km/hr
\end{aligned}
3. The ratio between the length and the breadth of a rectangular park is 3 : 2. If a man cycling along the boundary of the park at the speed of 12 km/hr completes one round in 8 minutes, then the area of the park (in sq. m) is:
 \begin{aligned} 152600 m^2\end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 153500 m^2\end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 153600 m^2\end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 153800 m^2\end{aligned}
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Question seems to be typical, but trust me it is too easy to solve, before solving this, lets analyse how we can solve this.
We are having speed and time so we can calculate the distance or perimeter in this question.
Then by applying the formula of perimeter of rectangle we can get value of length and breadth, So finally can get the area. Lets solve it:
Perimeter = Distance travelled in 8 minutes,
=> Perimeter = 12000/60 * 8 = 1600 meter. [because Distance = Speed * Time]
As per question length is 3x and width is 2x
We know perimeter of rectangle is 2(L+B)
So, 2(3x+2x) = 1600
=> x = 160
So Length = 160*3 = 480 meter
and Width = 160*2 = 320 meter
Finally, Area = length * breadth
= 480 * 320 = 153600
4. A farmer wishes to start a 100 sq. m. rectangular vegetable garden. Since he has only 30 meter barbed wire, he fences three sides of the garden letting his house compound wall act as the fourth side fencing. Then find the dimension of the garden.
 10 m * 5 m
 15 m * 5 m
 20 m * 5 m
 25 m * 5 m
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
From the question, 2b+l = 30
=> l = 302b
\begin{aligned}
Area = 100m^2 \\
=> l \times b = 100 \\
=> b(302b) = 100 \\
b^2  15b + 50 = 0 \\
=>(b10)(b5)=0 \\
\end{aligned}
b = 10 or b = 5
when b = 10 then l = 10
when b = 5 then l = 20
Since the garden is rectangular so we will take value of breadth 5.
So its dimensions are 20 m * 5 m
5. The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
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