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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. What will be the cost of gardening 1 meter boundary around a rectangular plot having perimeter of 340 meters at the rate of Rs. 10 per square meter ?
 Rs. 3430
 Rs. 3440
 Rs. 3450
 Rs. 3460
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In this question, we are having perimeter.
We know Perimeter = 2(l+b), right
So,
2(l+b) = 340
As we have to make 1 meter boundary around this, so
Area of boundary = ((l+2)+(b+2)lb)
= 2(l+b)+4 = 340+4 = 344
So required cost will be = 344 * 10 = 3440
2. The perimeters of two squares are 40 cm and 32 cm. Find the perimeter of a third square whose area is equal to the difference of the areas of the two squares .
 22 cm
 24 cm
 26 cm
 28 cm
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
We know perimeter of square = 4(side)
So Side of first square = 40/4 = 10 cm
Side of second square = 32/4 = 8 cm
Area of third Square = 10*10  8*8
= 36 cm
So side of third square = 6 [because area of square = side*side]
Perimeter = 4*Side = 4*6 = 24 cm
3. The base of a triangle is 15 cm and height is 12 cm. The height of another triangle of double the area having the base 20 cm is :
 22 cm
 20 cm
 18 cm
 10 cm
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of triangle, A1 = }\frac{1}{2}*base*height \\
= \frac{1}{2}*15*12 = 90 cm^2 \\
\text{Area of second triangle =} 2*A1 \\
= 180 cm^2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*20*height = 180 \\
=> height = 18 cm
\end{aligned}
4. What are the least number of square tiles required to pave the floor of a room 15 m 17 cm long and 9 m 2 cm broad ?
 714
 814
 850
 866
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In this type of questions, first we need to calculate the area of tiles. With we can get by obtaining the length of largest tile.
Length of largest tile can be obtained from HCF of length and breadth.
So lets solve this,
Length of largest tile = HCF of (1517 cm and 902 cm)
= 41 cm
Required number of tiles =
\begin{aligned}
\frac{\text{Area of floor}}{\text{Area of tile}} \\
= \left(\frac{1517\times902}{41 \times 41}\right)\\
= 814
\end{aligned}
5. A triangle and a parallelogram are constructed on the same base such that their areas are equal. If the altitude of the parallelogram is 100 m , then the altitude of the triangle is.
 200 m
 150 m
 148 m
 140 m
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Let the triangle and parallelogram have common base b,
let the Altitude of triangle is h1 and of parallelogram is h2(which is equal to 100 m), then
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of triangle =}\frac{1}{2}*b*h1\\
\text{Area of rectangle =}b*h2\\
\text{As per question }\\
\frac{1}{2}*b*h1 = b*h2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*b*h1 = b*100 \\
h1 = 100*2 = 200 m \\
\end{aligned}
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