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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. What will be the cost of gardening 1 meter boundary around a rectangular plot having perimeter of 340 meters at the rate of Rs. 10 per square meter ?
 Rs. 3430
 Rs. 3440
 Rs. 3450
 Rs. 3460
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In this question, we are having perimeter.
We know Perimeter = 2(l+b), right
So,
2(l+b) = 340
As we have to make 1 meter boundary around this, so
Area of boundary = ((l+2)+(b+2)lb)
= 2(l+b)+4 = 340+4 = 344
So required cost will be = 344 * 10 = 3440
2. The wheel of a motorcycle, 70 cm in diameter makes 40 revolutions in every 10 seconds. What is the speed of the motorcycle in km/hr
 30.68 km/hr
 31.68 km/hr
 32.68 km/hr
 33.68 km/hr
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
In this type of question, we will first calculate the distance covered in given time.
Distance covered will be, Number of revolutions * Circumference
So we will be having distance and time, from which we can calculate the speed. So let solve.
Radius of wheel = 70/2 = 35 cm
Distance covered in 40 revolutions will be
\begin{aligned}
\text{40 * Circumference } \\
= \text{40 * 2*\pi*r } \\
= 40 * 2* \frac{22}{7}* 35 \\
= 8800 cm \\
= \frac{8800}{100} m = 88 m\\
\text{Distance covered in 1 sec =}\\
\frac{88}{10} \\
= 8.8 m \\
Speed = 8.8 m/s \\
= 8.8*\frac{18}{5} = 31.68 km/hr
\end{aligned}
3. The length of a rectangle is three times of its width. If the length of the diagonal is \begin{aligned}8\sqrt{10}\end{aligned}, then find the perimeter of the rectangle.
 60 cm
 62 cm
 64 cm
 66 cm
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Let Breadth = x cm,
then, Length = 3x cm
\begin{aligned}
x^2+{(3x)}^2 = {(8\sqrt{10})}^2 \\
=> 10x^2 = 640 \\
=> x = 8 \\
\end{aligned}
So, length = 24 cm and breadth = 8 cm
Perimeter = 2(l+b)
= 2(24+8) = 64 cm
4. The difference of the areas of two squares drawn on two line segments in 32 sq. cm. Find the length of the greater line segment if one is longer than the other by 2 cm.
 9 cm
 8 cm
 7 cm
 6 cm
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Let the lengths of the line segments be x and x+2 cm
then,
\begin{aligned}
{(x+2)}^2  x^2 = 32 \\
x^2 + 4x + 4  x^2 = 32 \\
4x = 28 \\
x = 7 cm
\end{aligned}
5. A triangle and a parallelogram are constructed on the same base such that their areas are equal. If the altitude of the parallelogram is 100 m , then the altitude of the triangle is.
 200 m
 150 m
 148 m
 140 m
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Let the triangle and parallelogram have common base b,
let the Altitude of triangle is h1 and of parallelogram is h2(which is equal to 100 m), then
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of triangle =}\frac{1}{2}*b*h1\\
\text{Area of rectangle =}b*h2\\
\text{As per question }\\
\frac{1}{2}*b*h1 = b*h2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*b*h1 = b*100 \\
h1 = 100*2 = 200 m \\
\end{aligned}
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