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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of \begin{aligned}\frac{1}{2}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{4}\end{aligned}. If the perimeter is 52 cm, then find the length of the smallest side.
 12 cm
 14 cm
 16 cm
 18 cm
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Ratio of sides =}\frac{1}{2}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{4} \\
=6:4:3\\
Perimeter = 52 cm \\
\text{So sides are =} \\
\left( 52*\frac{6}{13}\right)cm,\left( 52*\frac{4}{13}\right)cm, \left( 52*\frac{3}{13}\right)cm
\end{aligned}
a = 24 cm, b = 16 cm and c = 12 cm
Length of the smallest side = 12 cm
2. The area of a rectangle is 460 square metres. If the length is 15% more than the breadth, what is the breadth of the rectangular field ?
 18 meter
 20 meter
 22 meter
 25 meter
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Let breadth =x metres.
Then length =(115x/100)metres.
\begin{aligned}
=x*\frac{115x}{100}= 460\\
x^2=(460 x 100/115) \\
x^2=400 \\
x= 20 \\
\end{aligned}
3. If the area of a square with the side a is equal to the area of a triangle with base a, then the altitude of the triangle is.
 a
 a/2
 2a
 None of above
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{We know area of square =}a^2 \\
\text{Area of triangle =}\frac{1}{2}*a*h \\
=> \frac{1}{2}*a*h = a^2 \\
=> h = 2a
\end{aligned}
4. A towel, when bleached, was found to have lost 20% of its length and 10% of its breadth. The percentage of decrease in area is ?
 25%
 26%
 27%
 28%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x
and original width = y
Decrease in area will be
\begin{aligned}
= xy\left( \frac{80x}{100}\times\frac{90y}{100}\right) \\
= \left(xy \frac{18}{25}xy\right) \\
= \frac{7}{25}xy \\
\text{Decrease = }\left(\frac{7xy}{25xy} \times100\right) \% \\
= 28\%
\end{aligned}
5. The perimeters of 5 squares are 24 cm, 32 cm, 40 cm, 76 cm and 80 cm respectively. The perimeter of another square equal in area to the sum of the area of these square is:
 124 cm
 120 cm
 64 cm
 56 cm
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Clearly first we need to find the areas of the given squares, for that we need its side.
Side of sqaure = Perimeter/4
So sides are,
\begin{aligned}
\left(\frac{24}{4}\right),\left(\frac{32}{4}\right),\left(\frac{40}{4}\right),\left(\frac{76}{4}\right),\left(\frac{80}{4}\right) \\
= 6,8,10,19,20 \\
\text{Area of new square will be }\\
= [6^2+8^2+10^2+19^2+20^2] \\
= 36+64+100+361+400 \\
= 961 cm^2 \\
\text{Side of new Sqaure =}\sqrt{961} \\
= 31 cm \\
\text{Required perimeter =}(4\times31) \\
= 124 cm
\end{aligned}
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