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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. There is a plot which is rectangular in shape and it area is 460 square metres. What will be breadth of the plot if length of plot is 15% more than the breadth of plot ?
 8 mtr
 10 mtr
 15 mtr
 20 mtr
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
\begin{aligned} l*b = 460 m^2 \end{aligned} .. (i)
Lets suppose breadth of plot is = b rnLength will be,\begin{aligned}l=b*\frac{100+15}{100}\\=\frac{115b}{100}\end{aligned} .. (ii)
From (i) and (ii), we get :
\begin{aligned}
\frac{115b}{100}*b = 460 \\
b^2 = \frac{46000}{115} = 400 \\
=> b = \sqrt{400} = 20 meter
\end{aligned}
2. The Diagonals of two squares are in the ratio of 2:5. find the ratio of their areas.
 4:25
 4:15
 3:25
 3:15
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Let the diagonals of the squares be 2x and 5x.
Then ratio of their areas will be
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of square} = \frac{1}{2}*{Diagonal}^2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*{2x}^2:\frac{1}{2}*{5x}^2 \\
4x^2:25x^2 = 4:25
\end{aligned}
3. The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of \begin{aligned}\frac{1}{2}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{4}\end{aligned}. If the perimeter is 52 cm, then find the length of the smallest side.
 12 cm
 14 cm
 16 cm
 18 cm
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Ratio of sides =}\frac{1}{2}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{4} \\
=6:4:3\\
Perimeter = 52 cm \\
\text{So sides are =} \\
\left( 52*\frac{6}{13}\right)cm,\left( 52*\frac{4}{13}\right)cm, \left( 52*\frac{3}{13}\right)cm
\end{aligned}
a = 24 cm, b = 16 cm and c = 12 cm
Length of the smallest side = 12 cm
4. Find the circumference of a circle, whose area is 24.64 meter sqaure
 17.90m
 17.80m
 17.60m
 17.40m
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of Square =} \pi*r^2\\
=> \pi*r^2 = 24.64 \\
=> r^2 = \frac{24.64}{22}*7 \\
=> r^2 = 7.84 \\
=> r = \sqrt{7.84} \\
=> r = 2.8 \\
\text{Circumference =}2\pi*r\\
= 2*\frac{22}{7}*2.8 \\
= 17.60m
\end{aligned}
5. What will be the ratio between the area of a rectangle and the area of a triangle with one of the sides of the rectangle as base and a vertex on the opposite side of the rectangle ?
 1:1
 1:2
 2:3
 2:1
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
As far as questions of Area or Volume and Surface area are concerned, it is all about formulas and very little logic. So its a sincere advice to get all formulas remembered before solving these questions.
Lets solve this,
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of rectangle =}l*b\\
\text{Area of triangle =}\frac{1}{2}l*b\\
\text{Ratio =}l*b:\frac{1}{2}l*b \\
= 1:\frac{1}{2} \\
= 2:1
\end{aligned}
One little thing which should be taken care in this type of question is, be sure you are calculating ration in the given order of the question.
If it is ratio of triangle and rectangle then we have to write triangle formula first. cheers :)
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