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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. The area of rhombus is 150 cm square. The length of one of the its diagonals is 10 cm. The length of the other diagonal is:
 15 cm
 20 cm
 25 cm
 30 cm
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
We know the product of diagonals is 1/2*(product of diagonals)
Let one diagonal be d1 and d2
So as per question
\begin{aligned}
\frac{1}{2}*d1*d2 = 150 \\
\frac{1}{2}*10*d2 = 150 \\
d2 = \frac{150}{5} = 30 \\
\end{aligned}
2. The Diagonals of two squares are in the ratio of 2:5. find the ratio of their areas.
 4:25
 4:15
 3:25
 3:15
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
Let the diagonals of the squares be 2x and 5x.
Then ratio of their areas will be
\begin{aligned}
\text{Area of square} = \frac{1}{2}*{Diagonal}^2 \\
\frac{1}{2}*{2x}^2:\frac{1}{2}*{5x}^2 \\
4x^2:25x^2 = 4:25
\end{aligned}
3. The area of a rectangle is 460 square metres. If the length is 15% more than the breadth, what is the breadth of the rectangular field ?
 18 meter
 20 meter
 22 meter
 25 meter
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
Let breadth =x metres.
Then length =(115x/100)metres.
\begin{aligned}
=x*\frac{115x}{100}= 460\\
x^2=(460 x 100/115) \\
x^2=400 \\
x= 20 \\
\end{aligned}
4. The perimeters of two squares are 40 cm and 32 cm. Find the perimeter of a third square whose area is equal to the difference of the areas of the two squares .
 22 cm
 24 cm
 26 cm
 28 cm
Answer: Option B
Explanation:
We know perimeter of square = 4(side)
So Side of first square = 40/4 = 10 cm
Side of second square = 32/4 = 8 cm
Area of third Square = 10*10  8*8
= 36 cm
So side of third square = 6 [because area of square = side*side]
Perimeter = 4*Side = 4*6 = 24 cm
5. The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of \begin{aligned}\frac{1}{2}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{4}\end{aligned}. If the perimeter is 52 cm, then find the length of the smallest side.
 12 cm
 14 cm
 16 cm
 18 cm
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Ratio of sides =}\frac{1}{2}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{4} \\
=6:4:3\\
Perimeter = 52 cm \\
\text{So sides are =} \\
\left( 52*\frac{6}{13}\right)cm,\left( 52*\frac{4}{13}\right)cm, \left( 52*\frac{3}{13}\right)cm
\end{aligned}
a = 24 cm, b = 16 cm and c = 12 cm
Length of the smallest side = 12 cm
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