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Question Detail
The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
1. The area of incircle of an equilateral triangle of side 42 cm is :
 \begin{aligned} 462 cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 452 cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 442 cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} 432 cm^2 \end{aligned}
Answer: Option A
Explanation:
\begin{aligned}
\text{Radius of incircle} = \frac{a}{2\sqrt3} \\
= \frac{42}{2\sqrt3} \\
= 7\sqrt{3} \\
\text{Area of incircle =} \\
\frac{22}{7}*49*3 = 462 cm^2
\end{aligned}
2. The height of an equilateral triangle is 10 cm. find its area.
 \begin{aligned} \frac{120}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} \frac{110}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} \frac{100}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
 \begin{aligned} \frac{90}{\sqrt{3}} cm^2 \end{aligned}
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Let each side be a cm, then
\begin{aligned}
\left(\frac{a}{2}\right)^2+{10}^2 = a^2 \\
<=>\left(a^2\frac{a^2}{4}\right) = 100 \\
<=> \frac{3a^2}{4} = 100 \\
a^2 = \frac{400}{3} \\
Area = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}*a^2 \\
= \left(\frac{\sqrt{3}}{4}*\frac{400}{3}\right)cm^2 \\
= \frac{100}{\sqrt{3}}cm^2
\end{aligned}
3. The length of a rectangle is three times of its width. If the length of the diagonal is \begin{aligned}8\sqrt{10}\end{aligned}, then find the perimeter of the rectangle.
 60 cm
 62 cm
 64 cm
 66 cm
Answer: Option C
Explanation:
Let Breadth = x cm,
then, Length = 3x cm
\begin{aligned}
x^2+{(3x)}^2 = {(8\sqrt{10})}^2 \\
=> 10x^2 = 640 \\
=> x = 8 \\
\end{aligned}
So, length = 24 cm and breadth = 8 cm
Perimeter = 2(l+b)
= 2(24+8) = 64 cm
4. The area of a square is 69696 cm square. What will be its diagonal ?
 373.196 cm
 373.110 cm
 373.290 cm
 373.296 cm
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
If area is given then we can easily find side of a square as,
\begin{aligned}Side = \sqrt{69696} \\
= 264 cm \\
\text{we know diagonal =}\sqrt{2}\times side \\
= \sqrt{2}\times 264 \\
= 1.414 \times 264 \\
= 373.296 cm \end{aligned}
5. The percentage increase in the area of a rectangle, if each of its sides is increased by 20% is:
 32%
 34%
 42%
 44%
Answer: Option D
Explanation:
Let original length = x metres and original breadth = y metres.
\begin{aligned}
\text{Original area } = \text{xy } m^2 \\
\text{New Length }= \frac{120}{100}x = \frac{6}{5}x \\
\text{New Breadth }= \frac{120}{100}y = \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{6}{5}x * \frac{6}{5}y \\
=>\text{New Area }= \frac{36}{25}xy \\
\text{Area Difference} = \frac{36}{25}xy  xy \\
= \frac{11}{25}xy \\
Increase \% = \frac{Differnce}{Actual}*100 \\
= \frac{11xy}{25}*\frac{1}{xy}*100 = 44\%
\end{aligned}
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