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  • Current Affairs 17th May 2018

    Updated : 17-May-2018
    Current Affairs 17th May 2018

    Current Affairs 17th May 2018 - Important Points

    • REPLACE campaign to eliminate trans-fat in foods launched by - WHO
    • Aadhaar linkage not mandatory for getting pension by-  Union Government
    • WHO publishes its first Essential Diagnostics List on - 15th May 2018
    • International Day of Families celebrated on - 15th May 2018
    • World Telecommunication and Information Society Day observed on - 17th May 2018

    Current Affairs 17th May 2018 - Details

    REPLACE campaign to eliminate trans-fat in foods launched by - WHO

    WHO has released comprehensive plan “REPLACE” to eradicate industrially-produced man-made trans-fats from global food supply by 2023. The eradication of trans-fats is significant to safeguard health and saving lives. REPLACE is shortened in 6 strategic actions as- Review, Promote, Legislate, Assess, Create Awareness and Enforce.
    Key Points

    • The movement provides step-wise guidance in 6 strategic actions of “REPLACE” bundle to make sure prompt, comprehensive, and constant eradication of industrially manufactured trans-fats from global food supply.
    • Executing 6 strategic actions will assist attain eradication of trans-fat and signify major triumph in the global fight against various cardiovascular diseases.
      Six areas of action include:
    • Review of nutritional sources of industrially manufactured trans-fats and landscape for needed policy alterations.
    • Promotereplacement of industrially manufactured trans-fats with healthier eatable fats and oils.
      Legislate or endorse regulatory actions to eradicate industrially manufactured trans-fats.
    • Assessand check trans-fats particles in the food supply and alterations in trans-fats consumption in the population.
    • Create awareness regarding the bad health effects of trans-fats among policy makers, manufacturers, suppliers and the population.
    • Enforce amenability with policies and regulations.

    Aadhaar linkage not mandatory for getting pension by-  Union Government

    The Union Government has clarified that the Aadhaar card is not compulsory for central government workers to receive their pension.
    The news was shared by the Minister of State for Personnel Jitendra Singh during the 30th meeting of the Standing Committee of Voluntary Agencies. The Minister informed that Aadhaar card is an extra facility to permit the utilisation of technology for submission of life certificate without the requirement for visiting banks.
    The minister explained that Aadhaar Card has not been made compulsory for receiving pension for government workers.
    Important Highlights

    The declaration is of importance as there were reports of few retired workers facing struggle in getting the pension in the absence of Aadhaar card linking with their bank accounts.
    Did you know?
    There are approximately 48.41 lakh central government workers and 61.17 lakh pensioners in the nation. Aadhaar is the 12-digit unique identity number and is the world's biggest biometric ID system.
    It was released by the UIDAI, which is a statutory authority recognized in January 2009 by the Union
    Government of India.

    The constitutional validity of the biometric ID system is presently being challenged in the Supreme Court, as people believe that compulsory linking of Aadhaar number with their bank accounts, mobile phones and government plans is a desecration of their fundamental right to privacy.

    WHO publishes its first Essential Diagnostics List on - 15th May 2018

    The World Health Organisation issued its first Essential Diagnostics List, on May 15th , 2018, which is a catalogue of tests required to detect the most common conditions along with variety of global important diseases.
    The list focuses to address people's non-ability to access diagnostic facilities, which results in them failing to get the right treatment.

    • The list delivers an indispensable package that can form the basis for screening and management of patients.
    • According to World Health Organisation, an approximated 46% of adults with Type-2 diabetes around the world were undiagnosed, risking fatal health complications and higher healthcare costs.
      World Health Organisation informed that late diagnosis of infectious diseases including AIDS/HIV and TB upsurges the risk of their spread and more difficult to treat.
      Key Features of the list
    • The vital diagnostics list focuses on in-vitro tests including blood and urine tests. It consists of 58 tests for finding and analysis of a variety of common situations.
    • It also consists of 55 tests for the finding, diagnosis and monitoring of priority; diseases including for AIDS/HIV, TB, malaria, Hepatitis-B and C, human papillomavirus and syphilis.
    • Few of the tests are mainly suitable for primary health care services, where laboratory facilities are poorly resourced.
    • For each class of test, the list requires the type of test and proposed usage, format and if suitable for primary health care with labs.
    • The list also delivers associations to World Health Organisation guidelines and to pre-qualified products.

    India emerges third largest solar market in the world in 2017 reported by - Mercom Communications

    As per to freshly issued report by Mercom Communications, India developed as 3rd largest solar market
    worldwide in 2017 after China and United States of America. Mercom Communications India is branch of global clean energy consulting firm Mercom Capital Group.
    Key Highlights

    • India has established fresh record with 9.6 gigawatt of solar installations in 2017, which was above
      twofold the 4.3 gigawatt mounted in 2016.
    • In 2017, India’s solar market had grownup at Compound Annual Growth Rate of about 170 percent since 2010. The vigorous progress boosted India’s whole solar installed volume to 19.6 gigawatt as of December 2017.
    • As of 2017 ending, mega solar project development calculated for 92 percent of the all-time cumulative solar fittings in India with 19.6 gigawatt and 2017 alone made up 90 percent of such fittings with 8.6 gigawatt.

    International Day of Families celebrated on - 15th May 2018

    The International Day of Families is celebrated every year on 15 th of May worldwide to encourage
    awareness of issues concerning to families and expanding knowledge of social, economic and
    demographic progression that hampers families which are the basic unit of society. The subject for
    present year is “Families and inclusive societies”.
    It explores role of families and family policies in proceeding Sustainable Development Goal 16 in terms of encouraging peaceful and inclusive societies for supportable progress. The day was declared by United Nations General Assembly in 1993 by accepting resolution A/RES/47/237 and shows the Significance
    international community connects to families. Every year, United Nations secretary-general develops to
    the specific valid motto attention.

    World Telecommunication and Information Society Day observed on - 17th May 2018

    The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day was celebrated worldwide on May 17th , 2018. The subject of World Telecommunication and Information Society for 2018 was “Enabling the positive use of Artificial Intelligence for All”.
    Important Highlights

    • The day focuses to increase awareness of the likelihoods that the usage of the Internet and other information and communication technologies can bring to societies and economies, along with the ways to link the digital divide.
    • The 2018 theme will aim on the potential of Artificial Intelligence to fast-track the UNs Sustainable Development Goals.
    • The World Telecommunication Day is observed yearly on May 17th since 1969, marking the establishment of Information and Communication Technologies and the inking of Information and Communication Technologies in 1865.
    • It was introduced by the Plenipotentiary Conference in Malaga-Torremolinos in 1973.
    • The World Summit on the Information Society called upon the United Nations General Assembly in November 2005 to announce May 17th as World Information Society Day to aim on the significance of ICT and the variety of issues concerned to the information society raised up by World Summit on the Information Society.

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