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  • Current Affairs 30th March 2019

    Updated : 30-Mar-2019
    Current Affairs 30th March 2019

    Current Affairs 30th March 2019 - Important Points

    • World Theatre Day celebrated on - 27th March 2019
    • Turing Award 2018 initiated for -  Deep Learning
    • BCCI's Ombudsman to double up as - Ethics Officer
    • Breakdancing recommended for 2024 Olympics on - 27th March 2019
      Current Affairs 30th March 2019 - Details

    World Theatre Day celebrated on - 27th March 2019

    World Theatre Day is celebrated yearly on March 27th with a purpose to spread awareness about the reputation of theatre arts, how they played a significant role in the field of entertainment and the upgradations that theatre brings in the life.
    Origin of World Theatre Day
    World Theatre Day was originated by the International Theatre Institute in 1962. On World Theatre Day, the International Theatre Institute socializes messages delivered by international celebrities in
    above 50 languages, based on the theme ‘Theatre and a Culture of Peace’.
    International Theatre Institute
    International Theatre Institute is the world’s major performing arts society originated in 1948
    by theatre and  dance experts and  UNESCO. The International Theatre Institute advances UNESCO’s aims of mutual understanding and peace and advocates for the fortification and promotion of cultural expressions, regardless of age, gender and ethnicity.

    Turing Award 2018 initiated for -  Deep Learning

    The Turing Award 2018 has been presented for Geoffrey Hinton, Yann LeCun, and Yoshua Bengio who have initiated an AI revolution by studying the learning abilities of large artificial neural networks. The deep neural network utilised layers of artificial neurons which imitates the structure of animal brains.
    Such AI is gradually utilised in items that people utilise daily from smart speakers to Facebook. This
    formulates the backbone of Deep Learning.
    Deep Learning
    Deep learning comprises building computer programmes which imitates the structure of animal brains,
    with many layers of artificial neurons utilised for processing the data. When the network of neurons
    digests data, each neuron has distinct responses within each layer. These outputs are forwarded to the
    next layer until the network lastly formulate a judgment about the input. This deep learning technology
    can be utilised to transliterate human speech/recognise a person’s face in different photographs.
    Turing Award
    Turing Award is a yearly prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery for people who have
    subsidized a lasting and major technical significance to the computer field. The Turing award is convoyed by an award of US $1 million, with financial assistance delivered by Google Turing Award is documented as the highest distinction in computer science and is often mentioned to as
    the ‘Nobel Prize of computing’.

    BCCI's Ombudsman to double up as - Ethics Officer

    BCCI’s freshly designated Ombudsman, Retired Justice D.K.Jain will now also work as the cricketing
    body’s ethics officer till such a time that somebody permanent is designated to the position. The data
    was shared by the Committee of Administrators on March 28th, 2019.
    In its 10th status report filed on October 28th, 2018, the Committee of Administrators had plead the
    Supreme Court to designate an ethics officer extra to an ombudsman for looking into the issues of
    conflict of interest.
    Important Highlights

    • The Committee of Administrators claimed in its latest status report that since transparency and measures to avoid conflict of interest are crucial aspects of the reforms process, there is a necessity for an Ethics Officer to be designated at the earliest.
    • The 3-member panel had plead the retired Justice on March 12th to take over as the ethics officer on an contractual basis, in addition to his role as the BCCI Ombudsman, till a permanent nomination takes place.
    • The appeal was accepted by Jain, who agreed to double-up as temporary ethics officer and look into all the conflict of interest cases.
    • He is, already looking into Hardik Pandya and K.L.Rahul’s chat show debate due to which the duo suffered a provisional suspension, which was eventually lifted.

    Breakdancing recommended for 2024 Olympics on - 27th March 2019

    The International Olympic Committee's executive board on March 27th, 2019 suggested adding breakdancing, skateboarding, sport climbing and surfing to the 2024 Paris Olympic Games when the full membership meets in June.
    The accumulation of these 4 sports to the Paris Olympic Games is believed to offer the opportunity to
    link with the younger generation.
    Key Highlights

    • All 4 sports will be assessed in terms of how they are managed, the integrity of competitions and judging, before being finalised for the Paris Olympics. 
    • A final verdict will be completed by the board in December 2020 subsequently further monitoring of the 4 sporting categories.
    • Though breakdancing would be fresh in the Summer Games, the other 3 are already assured for the
      2020 Tokyo Olympics line-up.
    • The International Olympic Committee has also decided to continue helping North and South Korean athletes and delegates work together despite diplomatic setbacks between the neighbouring governments in past days.
    • The joint Korean teams are being equipped in 4 sports including women's field hockey, mixed team
      judo, and men's and women's rowing, to try for qualifying for the forthcoming 2020 Tokyo Olympics and to possibly place a co-hosting bid for the 2032 Summer Games.
    • If the two Koreas decide to jointly place a hosting bid for the 2032 Olympics, it could contest with
      candidates from Australia, India, Indonesia and Russia that have showed early interest.

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